Women in Politics in the Central African Republic
by Juan Fandos-Rius
(UPDATED: 10 September 2016)

Created in 1903 Ubangi-Shari (Oubangui-Chari) became an overseas territory of France in 1946, then achieved autonomous status and a local government was formed in 1957. Female suffrage limited to French Women living in Ubangi-Shari had been granted in 1944, as for Ubangi (Central African) women were granted restricted female suffrage only in 1951 (only mothers of at least two children), and the enjoyment of the right of female suffrage to its full extent only came in 1956.

Pioneer Women in Central African Republic's Politics include:
Jane Vialle a mixed-blood métisse with status of a French woman served as Senator (1947-1952) representing Ubangi-Shari at the Council of the Republic (Senate) in France;
Marthe Matongo who served as first woman Member (1964-1966) of the Central African Republic's Parliament;
Marie-Josèphe Franck (later remarried became Marie-Josèphe Zani-Fé Touam-Bona) who served as first woman Member (1970) of a Central African Republic's Government;
Pauline Mbamba who served as first Mayor (1970-1974) of a neighborhood in Bangui;
Elisabeth Domitien who served as first woman Prime Minister (1974-1976) of the Central African Republic;
Empress Catherine (Catherine Denguiade) who served as first woman Empress (1977-1979) of the Central African Empire;
Catherine Gbagalama who served as first woman Mayor (1978-1979) of a town in Pissa, Lobaye;
Victorine Mazoungou-Pleyo who served as first woman head (1981) of a subprefecture in Sibut;
Marguerite Balenguélé who served as first woman Mayor (1989-1990) of Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic;
Jeanne Marie Ruth-Rolland who was the first woman to found (1991) and preside over a political party (Parti Républicain Centrafricain, PRC), then became the first woman to run for President in her country (and in Africa);
Léa Doumta-Koyassoum who served as first woman head of the Central African Republic's Parliament (2014);
and Catherine Samba-Panza who served as first woman head of State (2014-2016) of the Central African Republic, to name but a few.

Martin Christensen's Website Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership includes updated lists of Central African Republic's Women in Politics:

WOMEN HEADS OF STATE IN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
WOMEN IN PARLIAMENT IN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
WOMEN MINISTERS IN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
WOMEN HEADS OF ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS (LOCAL GOVERNMENT) IN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
WOMEN HEADS OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

The biographies of all of the above and many other important and prominent Women in Central African Republic's History up to date can be found in: Bradshaw, Richard and Juan Fandos-Rius. Historical Dictionary of the Central African Republic. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, New Edition 2016 (see below).

 

NEW RELEASE June 2016! / VIENT DE PARAÎTRE Juin 2016 !

Historical Dictionary of the Central African Republic
Richard Bradshaw and Juan Fandos-Rius

HDCAR2016(CLICK ON THE PICTURE / CLIQUEZ SUR LA PHOTO)