The Sultans ruled large conquered populations in the north and east of present day Central African Republic, they included the famous Muslim slave-trader Muhammad al-Sanusi, eventually killed in a confrontation with the French in 1911, and sultans Bangassou, Rafai and Zémio, heads of conquering dynasties in the Nzakara and Zande kingdoms in the south-east of modern Central African Republic. Bangassou, Rafai and Zémio were given the title of "sultan" by the Congo Free State agents in the early 1890s.
The Banda in the central part of the Central African Republic, generally had no grands chiefs and writers called them ‘anarchistic’ because of their various subgroupings and divisions.
The Gbaya and Manza in the west and central part of the country and the riverine peoples along the Oubangui and Mbomou Rivers, in the south had no grands chiefs either. They had leaders of different kinds, however, for the settlement of disputes or to lead men in battle against an enemy, or as heads of kinship groupings.
following are the Central African Republic historical monarchies:
DAR AL-KUTI / DAR EL-KOUTI
A full list of sultans and other traditional local rulers of Ubangi-Shari during the colonial period, including their biographies and nations' history can be found in: Bradshaw, Richard and Juan Fandos-Rius. Historical Dictionary of the Central African Republic. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, New Edition 2016 (see below).
NEW RELEASE June 2016! / VIENT DE PARAÎTRE Juin 2016 !
Dictionary of the Central African Republic
Richard Bradshaw and Juan Fandos-Rius
(CLICK ON THE PICTURE / CLIQUEZ SUR LA PHOTO)