National Assembly of the Central African Republic
by Juan Fandos-Rius
(UPDATED: 21 August 2016)
Emblem of the National Assembly of the Central African Republic
First legislative body of the Central African Republic was organised when the Ubangi-Shari (Oubangui-Chari) colony became an Overseas Territory (Territoire d'outre-mer) of the French Union in 1946.
A full list of chairpersons of the Conseil Représentative, Territorial, Legislative and National Assemblies and National Councils of Transition of Ubangi-Shari during the colonial period and the Central African Republic including their biographies can be found in: Bradshaw, Richard and Juan Fandos-Rius. Historical Dictionary of the Central African Republic. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, New Edition 2016 (see below).
Représentatif de l'Oubangui-Chari (Representative Council
of Ubangi-Shari) (1947-1952)
2. Assemblée Territoriale de l'Oubangui-Chari (Territorial Assembly of Ubangi-Shari) (1952-1958)
3. Assemblée Constituante et Législative provisoire de la République Centrafricaine (Provisional Legislative and Constituent Assembly of the Central African Republic) (1958-1959)
4. Assemblée Législative de la République Centrafricaine (Legislative Assembly of the Central African Republic) (1959-1960)
5. Assemblée Nationale de la République Centrafricaine (National Assembly of the Central African Republic) (1960-2003)
6. First Conseil National de Transition (National Council of the Transition--purely advisory capacity) (2003-2005)
7. Assemblée Nationale de la République Centrafricaine (National Assembly of the Central African Republic) (2005-2013)
8. Second Conseil National de Transition (National Council of the Transition--legislative capacity) (2013-2016)
9. Assemblée Nationale de la République Centrafricaine (National Assembly of the Central African Republic) (Since 2016)
- Legislative election of 1946
- Legislative election of 1952
- Legislative election of 1957
- Legislative election of 1959
- Legislative election of 1964
- Legislative election of 1987
- Legislative election of 1992 (suspended then canceled by the Supreme Court)
- Legislative election of 1993
- Legislative election of 1998
- Legislative election of 2005
- Legislative election of 2011
- Legislative election of 2016
The Central African Republic's Constitution of 30 March 2016 states that the national Parliament consists of two houses, known as: the National Assembly and the Senate. The two Houses of the Central African Republic's Parliament jointly convened are called The Congress.
Each house has its own distinct functions and powers. The National Assembly is responsible for passing laws, ensuring that the members of the executive perform their duties properly and providing a forum where the representatives of the Central African People can publicly debate issues. The Senate is also involved in the law-making process and provides a forum for debate on issues affecting the Regions. The Senate main focus is ensuring that regional interests are taken into account in the national sphere of government. The Senate is made up of representatives (called Senators) elected by members of Regional Councils (called councillors).
The Senate election has not yet been held. As long as the Senate is not put into force the National Assembly remains the sole house of the Central African Republic's Parliament.
NEW RELEASE June 2016! / VIENT DE PARAÎTRE Juin 2016 !
Dictionary of the Central African Republic
Richard Bradshaw and Juan Fandos-Rius
(CLICK ON THE PICTURE / CLIQUEZ SUR LA PHOTO)
FORTHCOMING! / À PARAÎTRE !
des institutions politiques de la République Centrafricaine